Claude mckay biography essay

As a writer, McKay never wandered from his attempt to equalize white and black. Jake represents, in rather overt fashion, the instinctual aspect of the individual, and his ability to remain true to his feelings enables him to find happiness with a former prostitute, Felice.

McLeod in the Dictionary of Literary Biography. They fought for black self-determination within the context of socialist revolution. At four years old, McKay started basic school at the church that he attended. Dictionary of Literary Biography Vol.

The same year, Harlem Shadows, perhaps his most significant poetry collection, appeared. His parents were prominent farmers in Jamaica. His book of poetry, Harlem Shadows was among the first books published during the Harlem Renaissance.

One feels disinclined to believe that the medium which he chose was too small, or too large for his message.

Claude McKay Critical Essays

The youngest of eleven children, McKay was sent at an early age to live with his oldest brother, a schoolteacher, so that he could be given the best education available.

It was here that he published one of his most famous poems, "If We Must Die", during the "Red Summer", a period of intense racial violence against black people in Anglo-American societies. Since his youth he had leaned politically toward socialism, and his years among the proletariat solidified his beliefs.

Claude McKay Biography

Wed Mar 21 But having preserved his vision as poet and his status as a human being, he can transcend bitterness.

A Story without a Plot, a novel about a black vagabond living in the French port of Marseilles. Claude mckay biography essay blood pressure and heart disease led to a steady physical decline, and in a move that surprised his friends, McKay abandoned his lifelong agnosticism and embraced Catholicism.

Late poems appear in Catholic Worker. McLeod concluded his essay in Dictionary of Literary Biography with the following accolades: He would come to know this brand of racism much more intimately in the next few years, for, after only eight months in the Kingston constabulary, he resigned his post and left for the United States.

He then traveled to Alabama and enrolled at the Tuskegee Institute, where he studied for approximately two months before transferring to Kansas State College. The first novel, Home to Harlem, may be his most recognized title. Literary Movements and Traditions[ edit ] Participation in Harlem Renaissance[ edit ] Claude McKay was a poet who flourished during the Harlem Renaissancea major literary movement in the s.

He died from a heart attack in Chicago at the age of After his marriage ended, McKay stayed in New York and worked a series of menial jobs while steadily resuming his commitment to writing poetry.

Once he moved to the Unites States at age eighteen, he realized that African-Americans are not treated the same everywhere. Jekyll helped McKay publish his first book of poems, Songs of Jamaica, in McKay is credited with having inspired the Renaissance with the poem when the nation was gripped with red scare and race riots Cagan.

The novel, which depicted street life in Harlem, would have a major impact on black intellectuals in the Caribbean, West Africa, and Europe.

This was yet another apprenticeship, one in which he further developed the sympathy for the working class that remained with him all his life. McKay was shocked by the intense racism he encountered when he arrived in Charleston, South Carolina, where many public facilities were segregated, which inspired him to write more poetry.

Critic McLeod offers a more recent evaluation of the work, the writing of which was based as much on scholarly inquiry as on personal observation, as McKay was absent from the country for a good deal of the period covered: Unhappy with the racial climate at Tuskegee, McKay transferred to Kansas State College, but abandoned his studies in agriculture after a year to move to New York.

McKay was forced to take a series of menial jobs.Festus Claudius "Claude" McKay (September 15, – May 22, ) was discovered by Columbia graduate student Jean-Christophe Cloutier in the Samuel Roth Papers, a previously untouched university archive at Columbia University, in Published full-length biographical and critical studies include Wayne F.

Cooper, Claude McKay: Rebel Sojourner in the Harlem Renaissance, a Biography (); Tyrone Tillary, Claude McKay: A Black Poet's Struggle for Identity (); and James R. Giles, Claude McKay. Claude McKay's biography and life McKay was a Jamaican-American writer and poet.

He was a seminal figure in the Harlem Renaissance and wrote three novels: Home to Harlem (), a best-seller whic. Examine the life, times, and work of Claude McKay through detailed author biographies on eNotes. Critical Essays Claude McKay Poetry: American Poets Analysis Claude McKay Biography.

Claude McKay was an early twentieth-century author of poetry, essays, novels, and short stories. One of the pioneering figures of the literary and artistic movement known as the Harlem Renaissance, he has historically been best known for his poem, “If We Must Die”, which first appeared in July in the Liberator in response to the.

Claude McKay is an unforgettable African-American writer who was influenced by his culture as well as other writers, which encouraged him to write poetry, novels, and short stories about politics, human rights, and racism.

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