I want only to be myself. Terminology[ edit ] Local varieties from different areas of China are often mutually unintelligible, differing at least as much as different Romance languages. The auxiliary functions of these verbs derive from their copular function, and can be interpreted as a special case of the copular function the verbal form that follows it being considered adjectival.
For details, see existential clause. In these cases, the verb itself expresses a predicate that of existencerather than linking to a predicative expression as it does when used as a copula. Some scholars have suggested that it represents a very early branching from Chinese, while others argue that it is a more distantly related Sino-Tibetan language overlaid with two millennia of loans.
However, when expressing identity or class membership, ko must be used: Relying on a unified theory of copular sentences, it has been proposed that the English there-sentences are subtypes of inverse copular constructions.
Out of many, one. In highly synthetic languagescopulas are often suffixesattached to a noun, but they may still behave otherwise like ordinary verbs: The trees are green. Note that in other tenses sometimes in forms other than third person singularthe copula usually reappears.
Huizhou The Hui dialects, spoken in southern Anhuishare different features with Wu, Gan and Mandarin, making them difficult to classify. She was a nurse. It is a feature of African American vernacular Englishbut is also used by a variety of other English speakers in informal contexts.
The copula also reappears for stating locations: Note that by certain criteria, the English copula be may always be considered an auxiliary verb; see Diagnostics for identifying auxiliary verbs in English.
The exception was phonological regularity, where the one Gan dialect Nanchang Gan was in the Southern group and very close to Hakka,[ which? This use is illustrated in the following sentences: Further restrictions may apply before omission is permitted. However, other languages prefer a different verb for existential use, as in the Spanish version Pienso, luego existo where the verb existir "to exist" is used rather than the copula ser or estar "to be".
Zero copula In some languages, copula omission occurs within a particular grammatical context.
It may inflect for grammatical categories such as tenseaspect and moodlike other verbs in the language. The hen is next to the cockerel.In linguistics, a copula (plural: copulas or copulae; abbreviated cop) is a word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate (a subject complement), such as the word is in the sentence "The sky is blue." The word copula derives from the Latin noun for a "link" or "tie" that connects two different things.
A copula is often a verb or a verb-like word. Until the midth century, most Chinese people spoke only their local language. As a practical measure, officials of the Ming and Qing dynasties carried out the administration of the empire using a common language based on Mandarin varieties, known as Guānhuà (官話, literally "speech of officials").
Knowledge of this language was thus essential .Download