Drug problems affecting the dominant races are also treated as health problems while similar problems in the minority races are handled by the criminal justice systems.
Since the enactment of these mandatory sentencing in the mid s, the average sentence in drug related convictions has increased tremendously among the African Americans and Latino Americans when compared to the whites Harris, The disparities in the criminal arrests, convictions and sentencing of offenders are very obvious in the war on drugs and cannot be compared to any other facet of the criminal justice systems DPA, Rather than focusing on arresting, convicting and incarcerating drug users because they are blacks or Latinos, the law enforcers need to focus on providing these programs to areas where there are more needed.
Moreover, the African Americans and Latino Americans are overrepresented in the criminal justice systems and correctional facilities in America as a consequence of discriminative anti drugs laws.
However, there is no doubt that race became the most important method of characterizing drug offenders leading to racial profiling in the war against drugs.
The African Americans and Latino Americans have suffered most due to the discriminative application of anti drugs law. When compared to other nations in the world, the United States has been found to incarcerate its citizens more than any other nation.
It has evolved to be one of the major symbolic societal problems in the United States.
The result of this inequality is evident in the society where the marginalized minority societies who are targeted by these laws continue to be disadvantaged politically and economically.
Legislations related to war on drugs that followed were all targeted on drug crimes committed by members on the minority races. For example, drug treatment and training programs have been effected in the middle class neighborhoods which are predominantly white residence.
It is not surprising to note that some administrators in the justice system have defended profiling based on race terming it as a rational action by the police Currie, Although empirical studies indicate that this is not true, the perceptions have resulted into unequal attention of the criminal justice systems on the minority races Amnesty International, Reference Amnesty International, It has been found that over ninety percent of people convicted with possession of crack cocaine are Africans Americans while a relatively high number of whites have been convicted with possession of powdered cocaine.
However, racial discrimination in the war on drugs is evident in the conviction and sentencing of individuals convicted of possessing these forms of cocaine. The law enforcements have concentrated on fighting drugs in the inner parts of major cities where African Americans and Latino Americans are more likely to be concentrated and drug dealing are in the open air and rehabilitation facilities for drug addicts is very rare DPA, The high number of individuals from African Americans and Latino community being found in possession or using illegal drugs is as a result of racial profiling.
Some officials however accept that racial profiling exists in the system while others have opposed these claims. Racial profiling has created a self perpetuating unequal treatment of African Americans and Latinos in the law enforcement and criminal justice systems.
After decades of racial profiling on drug related laws, there is a perception in the United States including the criminal justice systems that majority of the people of color commit offences and majority of the crimes are committed by individuals from minority races.
This is disproportionate when it is compared to the percentage population of African Americans in the country, about twelve percent, and the percentage number of drug users in African American population which is about thirteen percent.
With the increased number of African Americans and Latinos being incarcerated due to racial profiling in the war on drugs, there is no doubt that the minority races are becoming less empowered. For example, an individual convicted of possessing five grams of cocaine and another possessing half a kilogram of powdered cocaine are subjected to the same mandatory minimum sentence by the federal courts.
Although racial profiling in the war on drugs has continuously been defended by some individuals, it has done more injustices to the people of color compared to the overall benefits in the fight against drugs.
These vicious aspects of the war on drugs have had far reaching effects on the society. Instead of providing support services to reduce drug abuse in these areas, the authorities and policy makers have promoted racial profiling and built more prisons for these needy citizens.
Other than reinforcing perceptions that members of the minority races are criminals, which is not true, racial profiling has resulted into the self fulfilling prophecy.
The ineffectiveness of war on drugs targeting specific racial groups and racial profiling has been made worse by the over emphases on incarceration as the primary method of punishing the offenders. On the other hand, these services are not available in the marginalized areas dominated by African Americans and Latinos.
Ideology, class, and criminal justice. Race and Policing in America: The perceptions of people of color as criminals which is deeply rooted on the racial profiling in the war on drugs has resulted into a large number of innocent individuals being convicted and incarcerated in American criminal justice systems.
Crime and punishment in America. Rather than racial profiling on war on drugs reducing drug trafficking and abuse in the United States, it has been used to justify the penal systems that has propagated racial discrimination in the administration of justice.RACISM IN ESSAYS Is an author’s main purpose of writing only to entertain his readers?
Authors sometimes use their literature to demonstrate their opinions about a certain issue. One of these topics may be racial and ethnic discrimination.
Racial Profiling in America Essay - In today’s world we live in a very media driven manner. The media can sway people’s attitudes towards a certain direction depending on the circumstances. Racial Profiling is a very sensitive topic every individual can relate to. Racial profiling should not be confused in with criminal profiling, because they are two different things (Mucchetti,pp.
). Racial profiling is not specific to one race or one country. Actually being racially profiled can happen to anyone no matter what race or gender or what country they live in.
Racial Profiling is Institutionalized Racism Essay Words | 4 Pages. of the Diallo verdict and all other acts of police brutality. Over one thousand Stanford community members signed petitions to the U.S.
Dept. of Justice demanding a new federal trial. Institutional racism is defined as racism perpetrated by government entities such as schools, the courts, or the military. Unlike the racism perpetrated by individuals, institutional racism has the power to negatively affect the bulk of people belonging to a racial group.
While individual. "Institutional racism refers to a set of complex institutional arrangements and choices that restrict the life changes and choices of a socially defined racial group in comparison with those of the dominant group." (D'souza: The End of Racism p.