The invention of writing and alphabets and numbers

Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, The recent discovery of a Cypriot syllabic inscription of the later eleventh century at Palaipaphos Kouklia goes some way to closing the gap that exists between the syllabaries of the Bronze Age and of the developed Iron Age.

Several varieties of the Greek alphabet developed. Gelb, A Study of Writing Chicago: Homer and the Origin, ; E. In the absence of palace bureaucracies, after the destruction of the palace-centered economies and the disappearance of commercial activities and of writing, patterns of exchange reemerged in the late Dark and early archaic Hellas, when individuals took the initiative to trade.

The largest segmental script is probably an abugida, Devanagari. Page 1 of 2. Despite the conflict in theories, scholars are generally agreed that, for about years before the middle of the 2nd millennium bce, alphabet making was in the air in the Syro-Palestinian region.

This was the invention of a consonantal writing system known as North Semitic. Why did alphabetization occur when the Hellenic world was reenacting and expanding its commercial activities?

The initial function of the forerunners of the alphabet-the word-syllabic and syllabic scripts-was to facilitate almost exclusively; administrative and commercial accounting. The end of Aramaean political independence marked the beginning of Aramaean cultural and economic supremacy in western Asia.

Some people regard the growth of multimedia literacy as the first step towards a postliterate society. Harris, Ancient Literacy Cambridge, Mass.: While some scholars consider the Semitic writing system an unvocalized syllabary and the Greek system the true alphabet, both are treated here as forms of the alphabet.

History of writing

The letters of the Greek alphabet are the same as those of the Phoenician alphabet, and both alphabets are arranged in the same order. The Scandinavian Futhark was one of the smallest true alphabets in actual use, with just 16 letters. Thus the origins, patterns of transmission, and the early uses of the alphabet suggest that the Hellenic script was formed to facilitate exchange and commercial transactions.

As for Palamedes, the Greeks especially knew one thing about him: The Aramaic alphabet was probably also the prototype of the Brahmi script of India, a script that became the parent of nearly all Indian writings.

As a result, an alphabet developed with four main branches: During the civil war and breakup of Yugoslavia, this unity was also fractured.

Some believe that diffusion is explained by the efficiency of the orthography; the Greek alphabet, capable of representing unambiguously a full range of meanings, was adopted throughout western Europe.

Development and diffusion of alphabets At the end of the 2nd millennium bce, with the political decay of the great nations of the Bronze Age—the Egyptians, Babylonians, Assyrians, Hittites, and Cretans—a new historical world began.

Among the various other theories concerning the alphabet are the hypotheses that the alphabet was taken by the Philistines from Crete to Palestine, that the various ancient scripts of the Mediterranean countries developed from prehistoric geometric symbols employed throughout the Mediterranean area from the earliest times, and that the proto-Sinaitic inscriptions discovered since in the Sinai Peninsula represent a stage of writing intermediate between the Egyptian hieroglyphics and the North Semitic alphabet.

Thus, this paper will examine how the origins, patterns of transmission, and early uses of the alphabet reveal that the original function of the Hellenic alphabet was to facilitate exchange.

History of the alphabet

It appears in history around BCE. Lefkandi, a prominent city on Euboea in the eighth century BC, is the place where the earliest alphabetic inscription has been found, dated to ca. The North Semitic alphabet was so constant for many centuries that it is impossible to think that there had been any material changes in the preceding two to three centuries.

In the Pollard script an abugidavowels are indicated by diacritics, but the placement of the vowel relative to the consonant indicates the tone. In a stylized form it was used on Jewish coins from bce to — ce. As the papyrus, being in great demand, and exported to all parts of the world, became very costly, other materials were often used instead of it, among which is mentioned leather, a few leather mills of an early period having been found in the tombs.

The Brahmic family of India is believed by some scholars to have derived from the Aramaic alphabet as well. These offshoots, which took root in Sri LankaMyanmar BurmaThailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Philippines, were again the result of the spreading of a religion— Buddhism —in this case by missionaries.The history of alphabetic writing goes back to the consonantal writing system used for Semitic languages in the Levant in the 2nd millennium BCE.

and "true alphabets" in the narrow sense, History of the Alphabet. The Invention of Writing. The Sumerians first invented writing as a means of long-distance communication which was necessitated by trade.

Saki Mafundikwa: Ingenuity and elegance in ancient African alphabets; The Canadian Centre for Epigraphic Documents Many different alphabets have been used around the world throughout history.

Often, new alphabets are created by modifying the alphabet of another language. The Latin alphabet (also called the "Roman alphabet") is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in. Of all the accomplishments of the ancient Middle East, the invention of the alphabet is probably the greatest.

While pre-alphabetic systems of writing in the Old World became steadily more phonetic, they were still exceedingly cumbersome, and the syllabic systems that gradually replaced them. See History of writing ancient numbers for how the writing of numbers began. The invention of writing was not a one-time event but was a gradual process initiated by the appearance of symbols, Most other alphabets in the world today either descended from this one innovation.

Invention and Inventions. Language. History. Who invented numbers and alphabets? Update Cancel. ad by Chartio.

Who Invented the Alphabet?

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The invention of writing and alphabets and numbers
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