Moreover, the fact that Gregor cannot communicate his thoughts and feelings to them leaves them without any connection to his human side, and consequently, they come to see him more and more as an actual insect. Gregor never attempts to determine why or how he transformed into a bug.
This approach also makes it apparent to us, the reader, that our world—and even our very psyche—is constructed solely with words and defined entirely by language. An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory.
Rather, the story and all the members of the Samsa family treat the event as a random occurrence, like catching an illness. Barry then explains some of the different terms commonly used by Freud, such as repression, sublimation and projection Unfortunately, Gregor does not experience a profound transformation of his character in the same way that he experiences a transformation of his physical body.
All quotes contain page numbers as well. When this sort of practice is applied to literature, one can discover a great deal from what is both written and unwritten in a text. Thus the opening line exemplifies the idea of absurdism, which asserts that humans exist in an irrational, chaotic universe beyond our full understanding.
Repression is when our minds choose to forget unwanted memories, sublimation is when we turn something repressed into something outwardly better and, as Barry explains it, projection is when we can recognize our own faults in others but not in ourselves A perfect example of this irruption between the Imaginary and the Symbolic can be found on page 33 of the novella.
When Gregor morphs into a cockroach, however, the limits of familial loyalty and empathy are tested. The only character to ever assign Gregor a name—thus putting him into the realm of the The metamorphosis the psychological moderation of choice where everything is governed by language—is the maid.
These thesis statements offer a short summary of The Metamorphosis by Kafka in terms of different elements that could be important in an essay.
Gregor gradually behaves more and more like an insect, not only craving different foods than he did when he was human, but also beginning to prefer tight, dark spaces, like the area under his sofa, and enjoying crawling on the walls and ceiling.
In fact, the other characters in the story generally treat the metamorphosis as something unusual and disgusting, but not exceptionally horrifying or impossible, and they mostly focusing on adapting to it rather than fleeing from Gregor or trying to cure him.
All five incorporate at least one of the themes found in the text and are broad enough so that it will be easy to find textual support, yet narrow enough to provide a focused clear thesis statement. Consequently, Gregor himself embodies this absurdist point of view exemplified in the opening line.
In doing so, it creates a sense that the world we see in the story is inherently purposeless and random, rather than rational and ordered, and that such events are to some degree to be expected. One morning, upon awakening from agitated dreams, Gregor Samsa found himself, in his bed, transformed into a monstrous vermin.
Themes The Absurdity of Life Beginning with its first sentence, The Metamorphosis deals with an absurd, or wildly irrational, event, which in itself suggests that the story operates in a random, chaotic universe. Barry elaborates that this stage is one conflicted with a sense of lack and separation because we cannot ever get back to the Imaginary Although Gregor has been transformed into the lowest of all creatures, he actually is more human in his thoughts and feelings than any of the other characters in this tale.
Aside from the thesis statements above, these quotes alone can act as essay questions or study questions as they are all relevant to the text in an important way. A Lacanian critic recognizes these three stages at work in the literary text.
Manchester University Press, Psychoanalysis—as referring to therapy—studies the relationship between the conscious and unconscious portions of the brain. When he first gets out of his bed after waking, for instance, he tries to stand upright, even though his body is not suited to being upright.
There is no indication that Gregor deserves his fate. Irony in The Metamorphosis The reader does not fail to notice the profound irony in The Metamorphosis. Instead, he implicitly shows compassion for Gregor by allowing the family to care for him.
If the family makes up the Symbolic, the character of Gregor then must be said to dwell in the Imaginary because he clearly does not fit in with the family.
In essence, he continues to think with a human mind, but because his body is no longer human, he is unable at first to reconcile these two parts of himself. He is the victim of an evidently purposeless and random metamorphosis, which he treats as though it were not completely unusual, suggesting he at least somewhat expects the world he lives in to be an irrational and chaotic place.
As Gregor becomes accustomed to his new body, his mind begins to change in accordance with his physical needs and desires.
From the opening of the story, he is shown to be a person who works hard to support his family, even though they do little for themselves. There is no chance for catharsis or connection, and the symbol of the cockroach permits the tension of this psychological dilemma to be exploited to its maximum.
Gregor is rejected from the family and Kafka seems to be making the point that there is no such thing as unconditional love. Barry then moves on from Freudian interpretation to discuss the work of a Frenchman named Jacques Lacan. Although he recognizes that his family will never embrace him, he has difficulty living with this fact.
All these elements together give the story a distinct overtone of absurdity and suggest a universe that functions without any governing system of order and justice.The Metamorphosis – Existentialism Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis is a masterfully written short story about Gregor Samsa, a man who devotes his life to his family and work, for nothing in return.
Only when he is transformed into a helpless beetle does he begin to develop a self-identity and understanding of the relationships around him. Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis Essay The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is a classic piece of literature.
This masterpiece of stunning psychological, sociological and existential angst has blessed the minds of readers since it was written in Apr 25, · A Psychoanalytic Critique of Kafka’s 'Metamorphosis' In my English class taught by Professor Albrecht-Crane at UVU, we began by reading the short story "The Metamorphosis" by Franz Kafka.
Then we applied every theory we discussed (one a week) to that short story. It's a great story! Anyway, here's another A+ paper I wrote. The psychoanalysis of The Metamorphosis, from an Ego psychology perspective of today, goes something like this: Kafka uses the Samsa family as a sample of a human under pressure.
Gregor in The Metamorphosis is the human mind, as the Samsa family represents the parts of the mind.5/5(1). The Metamorphosis advances the existential view that choice is the opportune of the individual.
It is the responsibility of the individual to maintain a balance between work and leisure. The Metamorphosis lends the idea that, if one chooses to devote their life entirely to work, they are no more than droning insects, yet if they devote their.
An Analysis of Gregor Samsa's Psychological Choice in The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka PAGES 2.
WORDS View Full Essay. the metamorphosis, franz kafka, psychological analysis. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.Download